Liz Alden Wily (Affiliated fellow)

Expertise:
  • Customary Law


Telephone number: +31 (0)71 527 7841
E-Mail: e.alden.wily@law.leidenuniv.nl
Faculty / Department: Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Instituut voor Metajuridica, Recht en bestuur ontwikkelingslanden/VVI
Office Address: Kamerlingh Onnes Gebouw
Steenschuur 25
2311 ES Leiden
Room number Flex


Liz Alden Wily is an independent political economist specialising in land tenure issues, currently associated with the Van Vollenhoven Institute as a visiting member of staff. Liz works globally, providing land policy guidance to governments and programmes (e.g. Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Ghana), conducting research on land rights issues, and designing and technically advising land and natural resource programmes in mainly post-conflict states (e.g. Liberia, Sudan, Cameroon, Afghanistan and Nepal). A consistent theme in her research and development work is around routes to improve the national law status of customary/indigenous land interests, with a particular focus on collectively held unfarmed lands.

Over the last several years Liz has been closely associated with research and policy initiatives keeping track of the so-called global land rush, mainly affecting Sub Saharan Africa. She is also writing a book titled ‘Who Owns Africa? Examining the Case from a Community Perspective’.

Contact details

Telephone number: + 254 (Kenya) 724317836
E-Mail:  lizaldenwily@gmail.com
Office and Home Address: Box 1642-00621, Nairobi, Kenya


Selected Publications

Alden Wily, L. (2011) ‘The Law is to Blame’ Taking a Hard Look at the Vulnerable Status of Customary Land Rights in Africa Development and Change Volume 42 (3) May 2011.

Alden Wily, L. (2011) The Tragedy of Public Lands: Understanding the Fate of the Commons under Global Commercial Pressure International Land Coalition, Rome. Available at http://www.landcoalition.org/publications/tragedy-public-lands-fate-commons-under-global-commercial-pressure

Alden Wily, L. (2009) It’s more than about going home … Tackling land tenure in the emergency to development transition in post-conflict states Chapter 2 in Uncharted Territory, Land, conflict and humanitarian action, Sara Pantuliano (ed.). Humanitarian Policy Group, Overseas Development Institute, London.

Alden Wily, L. (2008) Custom and Commonage in Africa Rethinking the Orthodoxies. Land Use Policy Journal Vol. 25 (2008) 43-52. www.sciencedirect.com


2011

The Tragedy of Public Lands: Understanding the Fate of the Commons under Global Commercial Pressure International Land Coalition, Rome. Also available at http://www.landcoalition.org/publications/tragedy-public-lands-fate-commons-under-global-commercial-pressure

Accelerate legal recognition of commons as group-owned private property to limit involuntary land loss by the poor, January 2011 International Land Coalition, Rome. www.landcoalition.org/publications/accelerate-legal-recognition-commons-group-owned-private-property-limit-involuntary-lan  

Whose Land is It? The Status of Customary Land Tenure in Cameroon. CED, FERN & RFF, Yaounde & London. www.fern.org/sites/fern.org/files/cameroon_eng_internet.pdf

The Law is to Blame’ Taking a Hard Look at the Vulnerable Status of Customary Land Rights in Africa Development and Change Volume 42 (3) May 2011.

ForthcomingFrom State to People’s Law Assessing Learning by Doing as a Basis of New Land Law. In Legalizing Land Rights: Law, Tenure Security and Development (eds. J.M. Otto, J.M. Ubink and J. Hollema, Leiden University Press, Leiden.

Forthcoming. Resolving Tenure Conflicts to Limit War. A Case from Afghanistan in Strengthening Post-Conflict Peace building through Natural Resource Management, Vol. 4 (ed. H. Young), Environmental Law Institute and UNEP.


2010 

Fodder for War? Getting to the Crux of the Natural Resources Crisis. Policy Brief. Rights and Resources Group, Washington. www.rightsandresources.org/publication_details.php?publicationID=1405 

The End of the Hinterland, Forests, Conflict and Climate Change (January 2010) RRI staff, with contributions from Liz Alden Wily, David Rhodes, Madhu Sarin, Mina Setra, Phil Shearman, Rights and Resources, The Centre for Peoples and Forests, Forests Peoples Programme, World Agroforestry Centre 
www.rightsandresources.org/documents/files/doc_1400.pdf

Africa’s big question. Can the continent find solutions to its colonial land ownership legacy? Special Newsletter, Tropical Forest Update, 19/2:10-12, February 2010, ITTO. 
www.rightsandresources.org/documents/files/doc_1411.pdf
  


2009

It’s more than about going home … Tackling land tenure in the emergency to development transition in post-conflict states Chapter 2 in Uncharted Territory, Land, conflict and humanitarian action, Sara Pantuliano (ed.). Humanitarian Policy Group, Overseas Development Institute, London.

Recommended Strategy for Conflict Resolution of Competing High Pasture Claims of Settled and Nomadic Communities in Afghanistan. UNEP, October 2009.
postconflict.unep.ch/publications/afg_tech/theme_01/afg_rangeland_EN.pdf 


2008

Are Sacred Forests Safe? An Examination of the Legal Status of Forests in Sub-Saharan Africa. Pages 207-220 in African Sacred Groves Ecological Dynamics and Social Change C. Nyamweru & M. Sheridan (eds). James Currey Publishers, Oxford.

Custom and Commonage in Africa Rethinking the Orthodoxies. Land Use Policy Journal Vol. 25 (2008) 43-52. www.sciencedirect.com 

No going back The Journal RICS Land, July/August 2008:18-21, London.

Whose Land is It? Commons and Conflicts States. Why ownership of the commons matters in making and keeping peace. Rights and Resources Initiative www.rightsandresources.org/publication_details.php?publicationID=853 

Alden Wily, L. With D. Chapagain and S. Sharma (2008). Land Reform in Nepal Where is it coming from and where is it going? Kathmandu. www.dfid.gov.uk


2007

So Who Owns the Forest? An Investigation into Forest Ownership and Customary Land Tenure in Liberia. Sustainable Development Institute and FERN www.rightsandresources.org
www.fern.org/sites/fern.org/files/media/documents/document_4078_4079.pdf 


2006

The Commons and Customary Law in Modern Times: Rethinking the Orthodoxies.  In From Knowledge to Action. E Mwangi (ed.) January 2006. CaPri, Washington.

Formalizing the Informal: Is There a Way to Secure Human Potential through Land Entitlement? A Review of Changing Administration in Africa. Chapter 15 in Linking the Formal and Informal Economy Concepts and Policies. Edited by B. Guha-khasnobis, R. Kunbur and E. Ostrom.  Oxford University Press.

Land Rights Reform and Governance in Africa How to Make it Work in the 21st Century?   Paper presented on behalf of UNDP Drylands Development Centre and UNDP Oslo Governance Centre to the International Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (ICARRD) Porto Alegre, Brazil, 7-10 March 2006.
www.undp.org/oslocentre/docs07/Land_Rights_Reform_and_Governance_in_Africa.pdf 


2005

From Meeting Needs to Honouring Rights: The Evolution of Community Forestry Chapter 19 in The Earthscan Reader in Forestry and Development (ed. Jeffrey Sayer) 2005; 388-394. Earthscan UK (originally a Keynote Address to the World Forestry Congress Quebec 2003).


2004

Land Relations in Bamyan Province. Findings from a 15 village case study. Case Studies Series. Afghanistan Research & Evaluation Unit, Kabul, 2004.

Can We Own the Forest? Looking at the Changing Tenure Environment for Community Forestry in Africa in Vol. 14 (2 & 3) Forests, Trees and Livelihood, UK.

Land Conflict and Peace in Afghanistan. Paper presented to The World Bank Land Thematic Group ESSD Week Land Sessions, Washington. In Proceedings, The World Bank.

Putting Rural Land Registration in Perspective: The Afghanistan Case in Proceedings Land Administration in Post Conflict Areas; 71-93. International Federation of Surveyors Commission 7 Cadastre and Land Management, 2004 www.fig.net/commission7/geneva_2004/index.htm 

Land Relations in Faryab Province. Findings from an 11 village case study. Case Study Series. Afghanistan Research & Evaluation Unit, Kabul. June 2004.

Rural Land Relations in Conflict: A Way Forward. Policy Brief. Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit, Kabul August 2004.
www.areu.org.af/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=355 

Looking for Peace on the Pastures: Rural Land Relations in Afghanistan. Synthesis Paper Series, Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit, Kabul, December 2004.
www.areu.org.af 


2003

Land Rights in Crisis: Restoring Tenure Security in Afghanistan. Afghanistan Research & Evaluation Unit, Kabul, 2003. www.areu.org.af

Land and the Constitution Current Land Issues in Afghanistan. Briefing Paper Series. November 2003. Afghanistan Research & Evaluation Unit, Kabul.  

Community Forest Management in Africa Progress & Challenges in the 21st Century in Proceedings of the second international workshop on participatory forestry in Africa. Defining the way forward: sustainable livelihoods and sustainable forest management through participatory forestry. 18-22 February 2002. Arusha, United Republic of Tanzania; pp. 31-58. FAO, 2003. Also available at:  www.fao.org/DOCREP/006/Y4807B/Y4807B00.htm

Implications of New Land Legislation for Community Roles in Protected Area Management in Africa in Innovative Governance: Indigenous Peoples, Local Communities and Protected Areas, pp.29-59. H. Jaireth & D. Smyth (eds.) Ane Books New Delhi, 2003.

From meeting needs to honouring rights: the evolution of community forestry. General (Keynote) Paper presented to 12th World Forestry Congress, Quebec, 21-28 September 2003 Congress Proceedings Forests for People; 17-23.

Community Based Land Tenure Management. Questions and Answers About Tanzania’s New Village Land Act, 1999. Drylands Issues Paper 120, International Institute for Environment and Development [IIED] London, September 2003.

Governance and Land Relations. A Review of Decentralization of Land Administration and Management in Africa. Land Tenure and Resources Series. International Institute for Environment and Development [IIED] London.


2002

Sharing Products or Power? Intentions, meanings and approaches to community involvement in forest management in Eastern and Southern Africa in Contested Resources: Challenges to the Governance of Natural Resources in Southern Africa Tor Arve Benjaminsen, Ben Cousins & Lisa Thompson (eds). 2002 University of the Western Cape, Cape Town.

The Political Economy of Community Forestry in Africa - Getting the Power Relations Right. Forest, Trees and People Newsletter No. 46 September 2002; 4-12. Also available: http://www-trees.slu.se/newsl/ 

Alden Wily, L. with K. Kabananukye (2002). Forest Pygmies in Uganda - Notes from the Field in Spring 1997 Cultural Survival Quarterly, Boston, USA.

Villagers as Forest Managers and Governments 'Learning to Let Go' The case of Duru-Haitemba & Mgori Forests in Tanzania  No 9 Forest Participation Series IIED, London, March 1997.

Finding the Right Legal and Institutional Framework for Community-Based Natural Forest Management The Tanzanian Case   June 1997  CIFOR Special Publication   CIFOR, Indonesia

Power and Participation Getting to the Heart of the Matter in Modern Community Forestry Commonwealth Forestry Institute, Oxford October 1997.  Paper presented to Commonwealth Forestry Conference, 12 May 1997 Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe. In Proceedings.


2001

Alden Wily, L and P. Dewees (2001). From Users to Custodians: changing Relations Between People and the State in Forest Management in Tanzania. World Bank Policy Research Paper 2569. 2001. Also available: econ.worldbank.org/resource.php?type=5 

Democratising the Commonage: The changing legal framework for natural resource management in Eastern and Southern Africa with particular reference to forests. Paper presented to Regional Conference on the CASS/PLASS Programme on CBNRM, held in Cape Town 16-17 October 2000. Summary in Commons Southern Africa Vol. 3 Part 1 April 2001 and full paper available: www.cbnrm/uwc/ac/za/ 

Alden Wily, L with S. Mbaya (2001). Land, people and forests in eastern & southern Africa at the beginning of the 21st Century. The impact of land relations of the role of communities in forest future. IUCN-EARO 2001.

Reconstructing the African Commons in Africa Today Issue 48 (1) Spring 2001:76-99 Indiana University Press USA.

Forest Laws Tanzania Gets it Right in EcoForum, Vol. 25 (2); 35-38 2001. Nairobi.

New Laws for a New Forest Future in Africa Democratization at Work in Forests in A Changing Landscape 16th Commonwealth Forestry Conference; p. 429-440. Fremantle Western Australia April 2001.

H. Gibbon and L. Alden Wily (2001). Changing Forest Management Relations Comparisons from South Asia and East Africa. in Forests in A Changing Landscape 16th Commonwealth Forestry Conference; p. 429-440. Fremantle Western Australia April 2001.

Forest Management and Democracy in East and Southern Africa: Lessons from Tanzania. 2001. Gatekeeper Series No. 95 2001. International Institute for Environment and Development, London.

An Introductory Word on Community Based Forest Management and Joint Forest Management: What do they Mean? In The Arc Journal Tanzania Forest Conservation Group Issue No. 12 August 2001 Dar es Salaam.

Making Progress – Slowly. New Attention to Women’s Rights in Natural Resource Law Reform in Africa. In Proceedings of the Regional Workshop for Eastern and Southern Africa on “Strengthening the economic condition and role of women in agricultural and rural development by revisiting the legal environment” CTA in cooperation with the Austrian Development Agency, GTZ, Uganda Ministry for Gender. Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) Proceedings, The Netherlands. 2001.


2000

The Evolution of Community-Based Forest Management in Tanzania.  In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Community Forestry in Africa. Participatory Forest Management. A Strategy for Sustainable Forest Management in Africa. 26-30 April, 1999. Banjul, The Gambia. FAO, Rome.

An End of Century Status Report. Community-Based Forest Management in Tanzania. In CEESP Newsletter, No. 3, IUCN Gland 2000.

Alden Wily, L. with assistance from A. Akida, A. Rwiza, O. Haule, S. Mawe, H. Haulle, E. Massawe, S. Hozza, P. Mamkwe, C. Kavishe, M. Makiya and  M. Minja (2000). Community Management of Forests in Tanzania An end of century status report in Forest Trees and People Newsletter No. 42 June 2000, Uppsala, Sweden. Also available: www-trees.slu.se 

Land Tenure Reform and the Balance of Power in Eastern and Southern Africa. Natural Resource Perspectives Number 58, June 2000, Overseas Development Institute, London. Also available: www.odi.org.uk/nrp/ 

Moving towards a Community-Based Forest Future?  Unasylva 203:19-26 FAO, Rome, 2000. Also available: www.fao.org/waicent/faoinfo/forestry/unasylva/unasylva.htm  

The democratisation of forest management in eastern and southern Africa. International Forestry Review 2 (4): 287-294, Oxford, 2000.

Making Woodland Management More Democratic: Cases from Eastern and Southern Africa. Issue Paper No. 99 December 2000, Drylands Programme Series International Institute for Environment and Development, London.


1999

Alden Wily, L. with B. Campbell, Byron, N., Hobane, Pauline, Madzudzo, E. and F. Matose (1999). Moving to Local Control of Woodland Resources – Can CAMPFIRE Go Beyond the Mega-Fauna? In Society & Natural Resources Vol. 12: pages 501-509 Wisconsin 1999.

Moving Forward in African Community Forestry: Trading Power not Use Rights in Society and Natural Resources, Vol. 12:49-61, 1999, Taylor & Francis, Wisconsin, 1999.

The Legal and the Political in Modern Common Property Management Re-making communal property in Sub-Saharan Africa with special reference to forest commons in Tanzania Paper presented to the Conference of the International Society for the Study of Common Property, Vancouver, June 10-15 1998 in Proceedings 1999.


1997

Alden Wily, L. with assistance from K. Kabananukye  (1997). Forest Pygmies in Uganda - Notes from the Field in Spring 1997 Cultural Survival Quarterly, Boston, USA.

Villagers as Forest Managers and Governments 'Learning to Let Go' The case of Duru-Haitemba & Mgori Forests in Tanzania  No 9 Forest Participation Series IIED, London, March 1997.

Finding the Right Legal and Institutional Framework for Community-Based Natural Forest Management The Tanzanian Case   June 1997  CIFOR Special Publication   CIFOR, Indonesia

Power and Participation Getting to the Heart of the Matter in Modern Community Forestry Commonwealth Forestry Institute, Oxford October 1997.  Paper presented to Commonwealth Forestry Conference, 12 May 1997 Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe. In Proceedings.


1996

Matose, F. and L. Alden Wily (1996). Institutional Arrangements Governing the Use of Miombo Woodlands Chapter 8 in The Miombo in Transition: Woodlands and Welfare in Africa (ed. Bruce Campbell, 1996 CIFOR, Indonesia

Collaborative Forest Management Villagers & Government The Case of Mgori Forest, Tanzania  in Working Paper Series of FAO Forests, Trees & People Programme, 1996

Alden Wily, L. with assistance from K. Kabananukye (1996). Pygmies in South Western Uganda The End of the Road - and the Beginning in No. 4 1996 Indigenous Affairs, Journal of IWGIA Copenhagen

Community Based Natural Forest Management in Tanzania. In Proceedings, African Forest Policy Forum held in Nairobi, August 29-30, 1996; Volume II; 305-322. Africa Regional Environment Group, The World Bank.


1995

Alden Wily, L and H. Sjoholm (1995). Finding a Way Forward in Natural Forest Management in Tanzania The Emergence of Village Forest Reserves in IRDC Currents  June 1995  International Rural Development Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Alden Wily, L. with assistance from O. Haule (1995). Good News From Tanzania! The First Village Forest Reserves FAO Forest Trees and People Newsletter, Volume 29 November 1995. Also available on: www-trees.slu.se/newsl 


1994

Hunter-Gatherers in Botswana and the Land Issue in Indigenous Affairs. No 2 of 1994, International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWIGA), Copenhagen, Denmark.


1988

The Political Economy of African Land Tenure A Case Study from Tanzania. Issue 2 of Development, School of Development Studies, August 1988 [monograph].


1982

A Strategy of Self-Determination for the Kalahari San: The Botswana Government's Programme of Action in the Ghanzi Farms in Development and Change (SAGE London) 13 1982.


1980

The San in Botswana in World Minorities of the Eighties, Quartermaine House Limited, London, 1980.

Land Allocation and Hunter‑Gatherer Land Rights in Botswana: The Impact of the Tribal Grazing Land Policy, Human Rights and Society Report No. 4. Anti‑Slavery Society,  London, 1980 [monograph].

Tanzania, The Arusha Planning and Village Development Programme in A Case Book. Gender Roles in Development Projects, eds. Overholt, C. Anderson, KM. Cloud, K. Austin, J. 1984, Kumarin Press Inc.


1979

Settlement as a Strategy for Securing Land for Nomads, Pastoral Network Paper 7c/1979 Overseas Development Institute, London, 1979.

Official Policy Towards San (Bushmen) Hunter‑ Gatherers in Botswana; 1966 ‑ 1978.  Working Paper No 23 National Institute for Development and Cultural Research, Gaborone, Botswana, 1979.


1978

An Aspect of Warning Systems for Drought: Information Collection in the Districts, in Symposium on Drought, Botswana Society with Clark University Press, 1978.


1977 

Botswana's Development Strategy for its Indigenous Desert Population, in Vol. IV, Proceedings of the Conference on Alternative Strategies for Desert Development, UNITAR (New York), 1977.


1976

The Situation of Basarwa (San) in Botswana Today in Survival International Quarterly Vol. 1 (16) Autumn 1976, Survival International, London. 

 

 

Last Modified: 31-01-2013